STI

Antibiotics

Antibiotics

An Introduction to Antibiotics Antibiotics (Anti-Bacterials) are defined as medications which work to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. Bacteria are single-cell organisms which can invade our bodies and cause disease. Antibiotics work to kill or inhibit the growth ... Read More »

Human Papillomavirus

Human Papillomavirus

What is Human Papillomavirus? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) also known as wart virus or genital warts, is a particular type of virus that affects epithelial surfaces. Epithelium basically refers to a layer of cells. HPV usually causes warts in various parts ... Read More »

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B

What is Hepatitis B virus? Hepatitis B virus is a disease of the Liver. Hepatitis refers to any condition causing inflammation of the liver. Although many Hepatitis B viruses can cause inflammation of the liver, Hepatitis B is one of ... Read More »

Syphilis

Syphilis

What is Syphilis? Syphilis is a sexually transmitted or congenital infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Although it begins as a genital infection, it becomes a systemic disease in the second (secondary syphilis), third (tertiary syphilis) or fourth stage ... Read More »

Herpes

Herpes

What is Herpes Simplex Virus? There are two different strains of herpes simplex viruses: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type¬†2 (HSV-2). Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually associated with infections of the lips, ... Read More »

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease? Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) refers to an inflammation affecting any part of the upper female genital tract, including the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes and ovaries. The inflammatory condition is usually caused by untreated sexually transmitted ... Read More »

Immunisation

Immunisation

Immunisation is an important method of disease prevention. By receiving a vaccination, usually in the form of an injection, a person can be ‘immunised’ against a disease, and reduce their likelihood of developing the illness. Immunisation can also reduce the ... Read More »

Female Condom

Female Condom

The female condom is a transparent, loose fitting, polyurethane sheath inserted into the vagina prior to sexual intercourse (either vaginal or oral). A female condom is 17 cm long, and has a flexible ring at each end. One end of ... Read More »

Condoms

Condoms

Male condoms are latex or (less commonly) polyurethane sheaths which are put on the erect penis prior to sexual activity. They provide a barrier to the mixing of the partners’ sexual fluids during sexual activity. Male condoms are more commonly ... Read More »

Protecting Against Sexually Transmitted Infections

Protecting Against Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as the name suggests, are a group of bacteria and viruses which can be, and most commonly are, transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. Many STIs also spread through other means (e.g. ... Read More »